Attestation Update – A&A for CPAs

Technical stuff for CPAs providing attestation services

Archive for the ‘Accounting’ Category

Economic destruction from lockdown continues to expand.

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There is severe danger that a growing number of businesses are going to look like this over the next few months. Abandoned Safeway store [01] by Ben Schumin is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0

Going concern thoughts for accountants:  I have stopped cross posting all my comments on the pandemic to this blog. The focus here is accounting and attestation issues.

The following conversation is worth listing here, so you can bring into consideration what is going on in the broader economy as you ponder your client’s going concern assessments. The economic damage from the shutdown is an issue for audits, reviews, and comps.

You might pay particular attention to comments by  the Atlanta Fed on near-term GDP forecasts.

 

The damage from the lockdown is spreading. More news is emerging about the devastation that took place in just the first full month of the closure.

The damage will continue to grow the longer the shutdown continues. At some point it will start compounding, growing at a faster rate out of proportion to the time that is passing. Keeping the economy closed now is unnecessarily so the compounding damage is a choice.

Merely a few of the articles in recent days:

  • Guess on GDP shrinkage in next quarter
  • Disproportionate number of poorer households hit by job losses
  • Collapse of tax revenue in New York state
  • Collapse of home sales in Southern California
  • Another retail chain announce store closures and another announces liquidation

It is imperative to reopen the economy in full, not just for ‘curb-side delivery.’ If we don’t open soon, I fear the following articles will be mild in comparison to what we will see in the future.

This discussion will be posted on several of my blogs.

5/16/20 – Fox Business – US GDP could sink over 40%: Atlanta Fed – Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta is forecasting a 42.8% drop in GDP for the second quarter of  2020.

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Written by Jim Ulvog

May 22, 2020, 9:24 am at 9:24 am

A few highlights from CalCPA’s Not-for-profit Conference.

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Image courtesy of Adobe Stock.

Listened to CalCPA’s virtual Not-for-profit conference today.

Lots of great stuff during the sessions. Three items were worth sharing on Twitter during the day. Thought I’d share them here as well:

How to account for PPP forgiveness.

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Written by Jim Ulvog

May 20, 2020, 17:23 pm at 5:23 pm

Posted in Accounting, Other stuff

Forgiveness of PPP loans.

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There are lots of details and nuances to the federal Paycheck Protection Program. I’m not up to speed on PPP so I won’t be commenting on the program, especially the forgiveness rules.

There is a growing volume of information on the ‘net describing the program. Here are some resources you can check out to learn more.

SBA forgiveness application

5/15/20 – Small Business Administration – Paycheck Protection Program Loan Forgiveness Application,” Small Business Administration, – The SBA published the text of the forgiveness application.

Commentary on forgiveness application

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Written by Jim Ulvog

May 19, 2020, 8:03 am at 8:03 am

Posted in Accounting, Other stuff

Issues for auditors to consider as result of pandemic.

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This economic catastrophe is giving auditors lots to think about during audits. Reviews and comps are also affected.

Going concern will be a major issue on all engagements for a long time to come.

Goodwill impairment will be more important and more difficult.

Finally, consider that the rules for PPP eligibility are being rewritten after the first round of loans have already been approved by SBA and funded.

Going concern

4/23/20 – Bloomberg tax – Dave & Buster’s “Going Concern” Warning Signals Wave to Come – Management issued a going concern warning. For nonaccountants this means the company concluded “there was a substantial risk that the entertainment company would not survive the next 12 months.”

Article reports many companies are doing a much more in-depth analysis of the going concern assessment.

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Written by Jim Ulvog

April 28, 2020, 8:50 am at 8:50 am

Economic damage from shutdown – 4/15.

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A few more articles on damage we are seeing from the economic shutdown.

Guess on California unemployment rate

April 2020 – Eberhardt School of Business, University of Pacific – Initial Estimates of Employment Impacts of Covid-19 Pandemic – The school of business estimates an unemployment rate of 18.8% in California for the month of May 2020.

This is in contrast to 2010 rate of 12.2% and 2019 rate of 4.0%.

Likely increase in bankruptcies

4/13/20 – Washington Examiner – Pandemic likely to exceed Great Recession in number of bankruptcies – Economists from a leftist think tank and a conservative think tank both guess that the  number of bankruptcies from the current shutdown of the economy will exceed the number from the Great Recession.

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Written by Jim Ulvog

April 15, 2020, 9:53 am at 9:53 am

News For CPAs During The Pandemic: FASB guidance on leases – 4/14.

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More info for CPAs. FASB releases a Q&Q for lease issues.  Another round of layoffs seems to be appearing.

4/10/20 – FASB published the following Staff Q&A – Topic 842 and topic 840: Accounting for lease concessions related to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic – If this issue affects your clients, you need to read the guidance.

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Written by Jim Ulvog

April 14, 2020, 13:41 pm at 1:41 pm

Posted in Accounting, Other stuff

News For CPAs During The Pandemic: AICPA guidance on accounting, reporting, and auditing – 4/10

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Guidance from AICPA can help with financial reporting and auditing. Also, there is a need for COBOL programmers.

If you had not noticed, the California Society of CPAs is offering a lot of CPE webcasts on tax and auditing issues during the pandemic. Many of them are free. Yeah, no charge CPE. How ‘bout that?

4/8/20 – Journal of Accountancy – AICPA issues audit and accounting guidance FAQs on COVID-19 – The AICPA published a 21 page document on accounting and audit issues: Audit Matters and Auditor Reporting Issues Related to COVID19

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Written by Jim Ulvog

April 10, 2020, 8:33 am at 8:33 am

Guidance from SBA for faith-based charities applying for PPP loans.

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If you are in leadership or on the finance team of a faith-based not-for-profit organization, you really, really need to read the Faith-Based Organizations FAQ From The Small Business Administration:

(Cross-post from my other blog, Nonprofit Update.)

The document is dated 4/3/20.

Read this document if you have applied or are thinking about applying for a loan under the Paycheck Protection Program.

An issue in the back of many people’s mind is whether any federal assistance under this program will infringe on religious freedom. I think you will be quite pleasantly surprised by reading the FAQ.

Please read the article. You might want to make a copy for your file.

Written by Jim Ulvog

April 9, 2020, 11:05 am at 11:05 am

Posted in Accounting, Other stuff

Articles for CPAs during the pandemic: Expect delay in lease effective date for private companies and NFPs – 4/9

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Big news from FASB yesterday. They are planning to postpone the new lease rules for private companies and most not-for-profit entities.

4/8/20 – Journal of Accountancy – FASB effective date delay proposals to include private company lease accounting and Wall Street Journal – FASB Proposes Delaying New Accounting Rules for Some Companies Because of Coronavirus – FASB is moving towards a deferral of revenue recognition that applies to a very narrow slice of companies. Also moving toward a deferral of new lease accounting for private companies and private not-for-profit organizations.

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Written by Jim Ulvog

April 9, 2020, 10:21 am at 10:21 am

Legal issues arising from the pandemic. It’s gonna’ get messy…

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Time to read that insurance policy. Image courtesy of Adobe Stock.

ECFA presented a webcast Navigating Critical Legal Issues in the COVID-19 Crisis on 4/7/20. If this condensed summary of issues is at all interest to you, check out their website,www.ECFA.org. Webcast is now available at no charge if you are a registered member or if you are an ECFA member. Registered status is free.

I won’t be giving any legal advice here. Instead I will merely identify issues for you to consider. Consult with your attorney if you need to go in depth.

A long yet partial list of legal issues to consider

Intentionally assess whether you perceive taking a PPP loan under the SBA rules will have any effect on your ability to exercise your religious freedom. Webcast provides good guidance.

OSHA – there are general rules under federal OSHA and state equivalent regulations affecting the workplace. These may be more significant in a coronavirus environment.

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Written by Jim Ulvog

April 8, 2020, 6:05 am at 6:05 am

Posted in Accounting, Other stuff

Articles for CPAs during the pandemic: Possible delay in SAS effective dates – 4/7

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Ultra modern audit interview. Image courtesy of Adobe Stock.

Some background articles for CPAs. Won’t be covering the CARES Act here or general pandemic news. Instead these posts focus on those of us running an attestation practice.

4/6/20 – Journal of Accountancy – ASB to consider one-year deferral of effective dates – There is a string of new audit rules that go into effect the end of this year. The ASB will be meeting on April 22 considering whether to postpone the effective dates by a year. Under consideration are SAS 134 through 139 which have already been issued plus SAS 140 which is expected this week. Those include:

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Written by Jim Ulvog

April 7, 2020, 7:11 am at 7:11 am

Articles for CPAs during the pandemic: CECL postponement & going concern – 4/4

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Your new office. Image courtesy of Adobe Stock.

A few more articles as you work through your audits, reviews, and compilations during the pandemic, plus a video on how to make your own cloth masks out of a t-shirt.

Key issues in this post:

  • Postponement of new CECL accounting
  • Deep dive into going concern assessment

3/26/20 – Nicola White at Bloomberg Tax – Congress Poised to Derail Biggest Bank Accounting Change in Decades Congress put a provision in the giantic CARES Act to postpone CECL until 12/31/20 or when the governemnt declares the pandemic over.  CECL otherwise went into effect on 1/1/20.  This is the first time Congress has dictated accounting rules.  Article mentions this is a reminder of the debate over mark-to-market during the Great Recession.

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Written by Jim Ulvog

April 4, 2020, 8:25 am at 8:25 am

Articles for CPAs during the pandemic – 4/2

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The new conference room. Image courtesy of Adobe Stock.

A few more articles as you work through your audits, reviews, and compilations during the pandemic. Stretch question at the end: what are going concern implications if a third of grad MBA students will defer classes a year if they are not on campus and just under half expect a large tuition discount if classes are online?

3/25/20 – Financial Management – Ethical leadership at a time of crisis – Encouragement to maintain high ethical standards in time of turmoil and uncertainty.  Summary of tips:  Be transparent, be empathetic, be available.

4/1/20 – AICPA – Addressing pandemic-related audit challenges – Reminder that while creative techniques can be used to perform audit steps, the professional standards have not changed. Article points to following document:

4/1/20 – AICPA’s Center for Plain English Accounting – Consequences of COVID-19 –  Potential Auditing Challenges Agility and creativity is needed to complete audits. Document is a reminder that the professional standards still need to be complied with because they have not changed.

Document reminds us there are a range of possible scope limitations in an audit. Discussion includes a range of issues:

Written by Jim Ulvog

April 2, 2020, 13:42 pm at 1:42 pm

Articles for CPAs during the pandemic.

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Image courtesy of Dollar Photo Club before their merger into Adobe Stock.

Lots of articles are appearing that can help CPAs during the pandemic. There are new and depressingly creative ways this is going to affect financial reporting. I’ll start mentioning some of those articles that grab my attention and may be of interest to you.

3/31/20 – FEI Daily – How Lease Accounting Will Be Affected by Coronavirus – Turmoil in leasing office space will create lots of complications under ASC 842, the new lease accounting rules. Article calls attention to: rent concessions, discount rate, fair market values, impairment, partial termination, reassessment, full termination abandonment, and information delay.

3/29/20 – Forbes – For Higher Education, Nothing Matters More Than September Read the rest of this entry »

Written by Jim Ulvog

March 31, 2020, 10:54 am at 10:54 am

Financial reporting issues to consider during early stages of COVID-19 pandemic

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A range of financial reporting issues need careful attention during the COVID-19 pandemic. These issues are old news in the professional literature but need to be considered more intentionally.

The AICPA published a special report on March 18, 2020. The report, Consequences of COVID-19 Financial Reporting Considerations, was drafted by the Center for Plain English Accounting and is available at no charge.

On 3/14/29, I was Pondering impact of coronavirus prevention steps on financial statements. An auditor’s perspective. The AICPA report goes into far more detail.

Here, in bullet point italics, are the items mentioned for your focus, with a few of my comments for highlight:

  • Subsequent Events

Type II subsequent events are those which take place after the financial statement date which are so significant that they warrant mention in the financial statements to keep those statements from being misleading.

  • Subsequent Events – Market-Value Declines

A technical Q&A (TQA 9070.06) indicates there are some occasions that can arise which warrant adjusting financial statements based on subsequent declines in market value.

  • Subsequent Events – COVID-19

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Written by Jim Ulvog

March 26, 2020, 8:08 am at 8:08 am